Pathology tests are CBC (Complete Blood Count), LFT, Thyroid Test, Lipid Profile, IRON, Urine Test etc..
List Of Test:-
CBC (Complete Blood Count):- TLC, Hemoglobin, DLC% (Neutro. , Lympho. , Mono. , Eosino. , Bas. , ), ANC, ALC, AMC, AEC, RBC Count, Packed Cell Volume(PCV), MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, Platel
Urine Examination: – Colour, Specific Gravity, PH, Chemical, Glucose, Ketones, Bilirubin, Urobilinogen, Leucocyte Esterase, Nitrite, R.B.C, Pus Cells, Epithelial Cells, Casts, Crystals, Others
Lipid Profile:- Total Cholesterol, Serum Triglycerides, HDL Cholesterol, VLDL Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, Total Chol./HDL. Ratio
Kidney Function Test:-Blood Urea, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Serum Creatinine, Serum Uric Acid, Serum Sodium (na+),: -Serum Potassium (K+), Serum Calcium, Serum Phosphorous (Po4)
Iron Profile:- serum Iron, T.I.B.C (Total Iron Binding Capacity, Transferrin Saturation%)
Liver Function Test:- Total Bilirubin, Conj. Bilirubin, Unconj. Bilirubin, SGOT (AST), SGPT (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase, Total Proteins, Albumin, Globulin, A/G Ratio
What actually Pathology means?
Pathology is a medical procedure that decides the reason and nature of infections by looking at and testing body tissues and organic liquids (from tests including blood and pee). The outcomes from these pathology tests enable specialists to analyze and treat patients effectively.
From that point on we depend on blood tests, biopsies and a large number of other pathology tests to anticipate, analyze and treat contaminations, hypersensitivities, perpetual sicknesses, diseases and innumerable other restorative conditions. Read more about the most widely recognized pathology tests.
Six Most Common Pathology Test That Reveal About Your Health.
The Liver Function Tests (LFT) is a group of blood tests that measure some enzymes, proteins, and substances that are produced or excreted by the liver. The amounts of these substances in the blood can be affected by liver injury. When performed together, these tests give the doctor a snapshot of the health of the liver and can provide a starting place for any further diagnostic testing.
There are many diseases, infections and lifestyle factors that can cause damage to the liver and, given a significant amount of liver damage may be present before symptoms appear, pathology is key to early diagnosis and effective treatment.
Full Blood Examination
The full blood examination (FBE), also known as the Full Blood Count (FBC blood test) or Complete Blood Count (CBC), provides important information about the numbers and correct development of cells in the blood: red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infection and platelets that help blood to clot.
Abnormalities in any of these can tell us a lot about a range of important conditions including some nutritional factors, medications and, occasionally, exposure to toxic substances. Abnormalities in the FBE blood test can be caused by anaemia, infections, some blood cancers such as leukaemias and some inherited conditions.
As the name suggests, an iron studies test is a pathology test performed if your doctor suspects that you have too little or too much iron in your system.
Iron is needed to help form adequate numbers of normal red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body. Low iron levels can lead to anaemia, in which the body does not have enough red blood cells leading to easy fatigue and lack of energy. Iron deficiency is a reflection of poor dietary intake, poor absorption or excessive loss of iron through bleeding, so it is vitally important to find the cause of iron deficiency as it may indicate important underlying diseases.
Too much iron in your blood – known as iron overload or haemochromatosis – increases the risk of a number of serious conditions including liver disease, heart failure, arthritis and diabetes. Iron overload is asymptomatic until tissue damage starts to occur; damage which can be prevented by early diagnosis.
The effects of too much or too little iron are readily treatable, especially if detected early, making pathology tests important in this condition.
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) Quantification
As part of the Thyroid Function Test, this blood test is performed to screen, diagnose and monitor treatment for thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism (not enough thyroid hormone) or hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone). These disorders can occur spontaneously or as a result of tumours, pregnancy, infections and sometimes medications.
The test measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in your blood. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland and acts as a ‘messenger’, telling the thyroid gland to start making hormones. In patients with a thyroid or pituitary disease, the messaging system gets unbalanced.
Thyroid hormones regulate a range of vital bodily functions including breathing, heart rate and body weight, temperature and general energy levels, so it is essential that they are produced at the correct levels.
A urinalysis is a test performed on a sample of urine to look for some metabolic disorders (such as diabetes) and kidney disorders. A patient may be referred for urinalysis by their doctor in a range of scenarios. Common tests as part of urinalysis include testing for urine protein, for example during pregnancy, red cells for example with kidney disease, and also markers of infections of the urinary tract.